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The Difference Between Gingivitis and Periodontitis

Posted on 10/25/2021 by Dr. Bembey and Dr. Yokoyama
The Difference Between Gingivitis and PeriodontitisThe two words that a person never wants to hear from their dentist is Gingivitis and Periodontitis. Just hearing either of the two words are enough to scare someone. But one is scarier than the other. This is because gingivitis is reversible, but periodontitis isn't.


Plaque that contains bacteria can accumulate between the teeth early on in gingivitis. When someone that has gingivitis brushes their teeth, their gums can become swollen and bleed easily. Even though this happens, and the gums are irritated, a person's teeth are still firmly in place. If your gums are swollen, red, or bleed easily during or after your brush your teeth, you could have gingivitis. But the good news is that no bone damage has been done. Gingivitis is only a mild form of gum disease and isn't too big of a deal because it can be reversed. But, if it goes untreated long term, it can advance and become periodontitis. Brushing your teeth two times a day, going to regular checkups at the dentist, and flossing and using mouthwash daily are good oral hygiene habits to have. These habits aid in reversing and preventing gingivitis.


The inner gum layer and bone both pull away from your teeth and pockets are formed when periodontitis develops. Small spaces between the gums and the teeth collect bacteria and end up becoming an infection in them. As the plaque grows and spreads, your body's immune system response fights the bacteria, but the fight is not an easy one. The poisons and toxins that are created by the bacteria containing plaque break down our collective tissue and bone that hold the teeth in their place. The teeth are no longer firmly in place in the case of aggressive periodontitis and become lose and often fall out completely. Bleeding, swollen, or red gums are a symptom of periodontitis along with poor tooth alignment, pain, and receding gums. When you experience any of these serious symptoms, it is vital to see a hygienist or dentist as soon as you can.

This Doctor is a true healer!

Dr. Bembey is truly a healer. Not one of those Doctors who is in it for the money. You can tell that she loves her job. She actually made it enjoyable, and I don’t normally think of gum surgery as something to enjoy. She is very knowledgeable, and her skills are awesome! She communicates well and tells you small details that really help a lot. And she is there for you if you need her. Most importantly, she saved me from loosing my teeth! This Doctor is a GEM!!! I highly recommend her.

-Lynn V., February 2022

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Encinitas Periodontics & Dental Implants in Encinitas, CA
Encinitas Periodontics & Dental Implants
Dr. Bembey and Dr. Yokoyama
477 North El Camino Real #C-306
Encinitas, CA 92024

Phone: 760-632-9055
Fax: 760-943-0500

Monday: 8am - 5pm
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*Treatment by appointment only
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About Michael Yokoyama, D.D.S. | Periodontist Encinitas CA
We here at Michael Yokoyama, D.D.S specialize in advanced techniques and utilize cutting-edge technology to provide optimal periodontal treatments. Call us today at 760-632-9055 to learn more about us.
Encinitas Periodontics & Dental Implants, 477 North El Camino Real #C-306, Encinitas, CA 92024 ^ 760-632-9055 ^ ^ 2/4/2023 ^ Associated Words: Periodontist Encinitas CA ^